First Farmers: The Neolithic
5,500 Years Ago
Over 5000 years ago dramatic changes took place across northern Scotland. People stopped hunting and gathering and began farming, growing barley and wheat and rearing cattle and pigs. These new farmers built permanent homes and settled in one place for longer periods.
In Caithness we have yet to find their homes. But we do have an extraordinary collection of chambered cairns. These burial tombs – houses for the dead – dominate the landscape.
This period is one of the defining moments in Scottish prehistory. People marked their landscape in new ways, imprints that would last for 5000 years.
Find out more about chambered cairns